What is commonly called a muscle knot is really irritation and tangling of the fascia (connective tissue) that surrounds and permeates a muscle. When stressed and dehydrated fascia becomes gel-like and sticks together. This creates adhesions or “knots”.
These muscle adhesions can occur almost anywhere on the body, but are most commonly found in the back, shoulders and neck. Causes vary, but they are usually a result of poor posture, heavy lifting, dehydration, over use, and the holding of emotional tension in these areas.
Massage can help release muscle adhesions by coaxing the fascia back to its more natural liquid like state. Effective techniques stimulate heat, increase blood flow, and apply strategic pressure to key areas. Regular massage, as well as improved body awareness and mechanics can help you avoid developing these often painful “knots” in the first place.